Long term care has evolved greatly nowadays giving people myriad of long term care services to choose from. Since more people are requiring long term care today about 70% of older adults who are 65 and above, the care industry has come up with different facilities that can cater to the needs of individuals. There are some who will need extensive care while others will just need little assistance in carrying out their ADLs or activities of daily living. Since people have different needs the ltc industry has come up with different types of long term care facilities that will perfectly suit everyone’s needs. This time around individuals can choose from facilities like nursing home, assisted living facilities, adult day care and CCRC’s.
Long Term Care can trace its beginnings all the way back to the 12th Century in England. The English built homes for the aging whom could not be supported at home. The shelters gave way to long term care facilities associated with monasteries. The first known institution in the US for the poor and aging was in Philadelphia in 1722 followed by New York City two years later.
The United States began to invest in the aging population in the middle of the 20th Century with the Social Security Act in 1935 which was followed by Disability and Medicare Acts in the 1960’s. This allowed for nursing homes to be built and funded. Following the nursing home boom private Home Care Agency’s began to open to fill the needs of those whom wished to remain in their homes. The private Home Care Agencies allowed people to live in their homes long term.
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